Rajasthan is the driest state having only 1.16 percent of country's surface water. Average rainfall is 531 mm against national average of 1200 mm. 2/3 part of the state is desert where average rainfall is only 380 mm. Out of 237 development blocks in the state, only 32 blocks are considered safe. In absence of surface water, reliance on ground water is excessive as such water table is depleting at alarming rate in most of the area except in canal command area. Thus, the problems that emerged from groundwater use were not limited to depleting sources, but also contaminants that did not need to be dealt with before. As of now, the scenario is fearful and alarming. There are a variety of problems that relate to quantity as well as quality. Eighty per cent of our drinking water needs are met by groundwater, which is depleting at an alarming rate, compounded with large scale contamination.
SRKPS for the last 24 years is creating awareness among the community for proper utilization and preservation of the resources. Watershed development, Introduction of short duration plants, plants suitable for arid and semi arid regions, large scale plantation in farm and hill sides, Construction of Rain water harvesting storage devices and recharge well, catchments correction, renovation of existing storage devices, orchard development, training programs for farmers and PRIs on IWRM, etc are the various action based activities that are being carried out by SRKPS in the intervention areas.
On 19/07/11 a project was sanctioned by Department of science and technology, New Delhi to Shikshit Rojgar Kendra Prabandhak Samiti (SRKPS), to implement the project “Providing solutions for water challenge under the Technology Mission: WAR FOR WATER”. People residing in the project area of Bheenchri Cluster of Ratangarh, Churu District suffered form the problem of excessive fluoride in ground water. Residents of the selected Bheenchri Cluster area were deprived of pure and safe drinking water and were forced to consume poor quality ground water causing Health hazards. Thus Rain water harvesting was the only source by which people can store and consume quality water throughout the year but due to poor economic condition they are unable to do so. Thus this project of “Providing solutions for lack of Storage capacity for seasonally available water for Bheenchri cluster, Block Ratangarh, District Churu of Rajasthan State” was executed in support of Department Science and Technology. Special emphasis was given on people’s participation from planning to implementation stage to ensure their involvement and ownership on the project. They were very much part of the internal monitoring mechanism in form of selection of beneficiaries, ensuring quality construction, and maintaining smooth progress of the project. For this at the commencement of the project, project objective was shared with the community and Village Water & Sanitation Committee (VWSC) was formed who monitored the construction of the Rain Water Harvesting Tanks in the villages.The project as approved has been executed successfully and has been put to use to the beneficiaries to their entire satisfaction.
This project was formulated and executed to develop a self sustainable and self operated accessible rain water management system by constructing 275 rain water harvesting structure tanks (KUND) in the cluster area, for the identified beneficiaries giving preference to weaker section and BPL in Bheenchri, Budhwali, Seetsar, Mainasar and Khotdi villages of Bheenchri Cluster of Churu District.
The innovative approach proposed for the project comprises networking of the rooftop rain water harvesting structures. It was envisaged that participatory approach would be followed in construction of rain water harvesting structures at house-hold level. A contribution to the extent of 20% has been mobilized from the beneficiaries.
QUALITATIVE & QUANTITATIVE Achievements
• 275 Kunds have been constructed in Cluster area
• Water Bank of 55 lakh liters has been created.
• VWSC has been formulated.
• Training on quality control and maintenance of kund has been provided to community.
• Availed 20 % community participation of the total project cost in labor.
• A sustainable solution for next 2 decade has been established
• Intensive monitoring at all the level has been followed.
1. All milestones have been achieved well in time.
2. All these structures (275 Kunds) have been put to use and are being utilized by the beneficiaries successfully.
3. The entire project and its assets have now been transferred to the Gram Panchayat (Local self government), and will have the complete ownership of the project and project assets.
4. Gram Panchayat will be responsible for maintaining the sustainability and the quality of the Kunds in collaboration and support of each individual household beneficiary. A written declaration has been taken from Gram Panchayat.
5. Monitoring and supervision has been enhanced through community involvement.
National Environment Awareness Campaign
The National Environment Awareness Campaign launched by the Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India in 1986, aims to create awareness on environmental issues among a wide group of stakeholders. Several nongovernmental organizations, educational and training institutions, professional associations, scientific bodies, community organizations, and also a whole range of other agencies participate in the campaign. These bodies singularly or in partnership with other organizations, organize programs for creating environmental awareness followed by field action at the local, regional and national level.
With the collaboration of Consumer Unity & Trust Society (CUTs), SRKPS organized two days awareness campaign with progressive farmers of Ladsar village of Jhunjhunu District of Rajasthan, where they have been oriented on “Biodiversity conservation” theme for 2013-14. In 2013-14 several farmers were trained on Biodiversity conservation and many plants were planted. All the plant are live and the village community is taking care of the plants.
Traditionally associated with camel breeding, a majority of Raika is currently engaged in herding sheep, often is migratory system. Problem of Raika, especially in their mode of life like fights with on road farmers, death casualties, illegal grazing in reserve forest, etc is a commonly known issue. Based on the facts and networking with local community especially with Raika’s SRKPS made an agreement with Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi to reduce the migration period of the Raika community of Pokhran tehsil of Jaislmer district by intervention of scientific technology of sheep rearing.
Project aims to provide more livelihood opportunity to enhancing the economical and social conditions of Raika families. In this project a group of 75 farmers of Raika community was formed and a residential training on the topic of “Advances of Sheep Rearing” at CSWRI, Avikanagar was provided, for enhancing the capacity of the farmer. Under the project two demonstration sites are established at farmers land
to reduce the availability of fodder especially in famine years. To motivate and demonstrate the farmers, demonstration sites are developed on grazing land along with the introduction of heavier body weight sheep and increasing the production capacity per annum.
1. Two demonstration sites are established at farmers land to reduce the availability of fodder especially in famine years.
2. 2000 fodder plants (Khejri, ber, babul, etc.) are planted in the area of demonstration site.
3. 3500 sheep are vaccinated by organizing a veterinary camp with the collaboration with animal husbandry department, Jaisalmer.
4. 2 storage tanks and 2 fodder depot are constructed at demonstration site for water harvesting.